Standard Functions for Medical Laboratory Technology

The following standard functions provide descriptions of basic cognitive, sensory, affective, and psychomotor requirements for successful Medical Laboratory Technology program completion. Applicants and students who cannot meet one or more of the requirements will be considered on an individual basis in terms of whether reasonable modification/accommodation can be made. Reasonable accommodations will be examined in accordance with the Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) as well as the Standard functions for Admission and Progression. 

In order to successfully complete the Medical Laboratory Technology program, an applicant/student must be able to do the following:

Standard Observation Requirements

The MLT student must be able to

  • Observe laboratory demonstrations in which biologicals are tested for their biochemical, hematological, immunological, microbiological, and histochemical components
  • Characterize the color, odor, clarity, and viscosity of biologicals, reagents, or chemical reaction products. Employ a clinical grade binocular microscope to discriminate among the structural and color (hue, shading, and intensity) differences of microscopic specimens
  • Read and comprehend text, numbers, and graphs displayed in print and on a video monitor


Standard Movement Requirements

The MLT student must be able to

  • Move freely and safely about a laboratory
  • Reach laboratory bench tops and shelves, patients lying in hospital beds or patients seated in specimen collection furniture
  • Travel to numerous clinical laboratory sites for practical experience
  • Perform moderately taxing continuous physical work, often requiring prolonged sitting, over several hours
  • Maneuver phlebotomy and culture acquisition equipment to safely collect valid laboratory specimens from patients
  • Control laboratory equipment (i.e. pipettes, inoculating loops, test tubes) and adjust instruments to perform laboratory procedures
  • Use an electronic keyboard to operate laboratory instruments and to calculate, record evaluate, and transmit laboratory information


Standard Communication Requirements

The MLT student must be able to

  • Read and comprehend technical and professional materials
  • Follow verbal and written instructions in order to correctly and independently perform laboratory test procedures
  • Clearly instruct patients prior to specimen collection
  • Effectively, confidentially, and sensitively converse with patients regarding laboratory tests
  • Communicate with faculty members, fellow students, staff, and other health care professionals verbally and in a recorded format
  • Independently prepare papers, prepare laboratory reports, and take paper, computer, and laboratory practical examinations


Standard Intellectual Requirements

The MLT student must be able to

  • Possess these intellectual skills: comprehension, measurement, mathematical calculation, reasoning, integration, analysis, comparison, self-expression, and criticism
  • Be able to exercise sufficient judgment to recognize and correct performance


Standard Behavioral Requirements

The MLT student must be able to

  • Be able to manage the use of time and be able to systematize actions in order to complete professional and technical tasks with realistic constraints
  • Possess the emotional health necessary to effectively employ intellect and exercise appropriate judgment
  • Be able to provide professional and technical services while experiencing the stresses of task-related uncertainty and a distracting environment
  • Be flexible and creative and adapt to professional and technical change
  • Recognize potentially hazardous materials, equipment, and situations and proceed safely in order to minimize risk of injury to patients, self, and nearby individuals
  • Adapt to working with unpleasant biologicals
  • Support and promote the activities of fellow students and of health care professionals. Promotion of peers helps furnish a team approach to learning, task completion, problem solving and patient care
  • Be honest, compassionate, ethical and responsible. The student must be forthright about errors or uncertainty. The student must be able to critically evaluate her or his own performance, accept constructive criticism, and look for ways to improve. The student must be able to evaluate the performance of fellow students and tactfully offer constructive comments